"17 Going On 18" by Anna Quindlen

Jared Short
Nick Rypel
Alex Zaiger

Excellent work! MSH

Quindlen writes to persuade "golden girl" to stop smoking for her own health.

The letter was written to "golden girl" because she is a young adult, and Quindlen knows the potential dangers that smoking will cause her in the future.

The mother wanted Quindlen to write the letter to "golden girl" because she could relate through personal experiences that she has had with smoking. Also, Quindlen is "golden girl's" aunt so she has a personal connection to her.

Ethos- The fact that the aunt, Quindlen, has so much experience with smoking makes the letter a lot more credible. A writer without any smoking experience would be far less effective in persuading a young girl to stop smoking.

Pathos- The way that Quindlen writes the piece, she attempts to invoke a feeling of disgust in the reader. Quindlen also tries to shock the reader by giving key examples such as her father in law. Her father in law got a cold and died a year later of lung cancer.

Logos- Quindlen wants the reader to know that smoking can ruin your life through various forms of cancer as well as other life threatening diseases.

Claim- Quindlen is trying to inform her niece to the point that she quits smoking. Smoking is terrible for your health and will cut years off of your life expectancy.

Evidence- Quindlen uses the personal experience of having her father in law die from lung cancer. She also brings fourth the fact that 400,000 individuals die each year due to cigarette related illnesses. She also presents the evidence that if one is on the pill, smoking will increase your risk of heart disease, hardening of arteries and strokes. Quindlen also points out that tongue cancer is on the rise. To provide another real life example, Quindlen tells the story of the young model for a cigarette company. The company thought that it would be more authentic if she was a smoker. So, she started smoking. She ended up losing part of a lung and her voice box. She had to learn to speak all over again.

Opposing viewpoint- Quindlen states that she will not be able to convince her niece to quit smoking. In her words, "golden girl" will only quit when she convinces herself that it is the right thing to do.